Upcoming and Previous Seminars (Past months or Previous years)

Note that if the talk's pdf or ppt is available after the talk, you can get it by clicking on the talk title.

Physics/Astronomy C290C Cosmology and Cosmology-BCCP Seminar
The Physics/Astronomy C290C series consists of the Cosmology-BCCP LBNL-Physics-Astronomy Cosmology seminars held Tuesdays 1:10-2:00 pm .
in room 131 Campbell Hall. . Please don't bring your lunch (it is hard to keep this room clean; this is a change).
Please mail Joanne Cohn to add to this list or to suggest speakers.

This seminar is intended for BCCP members and Berkeley graduate students pursuing their dissertation research in cosmology. Other LBL, Berkeley Astronomy and and Berkeley Physics Department members are welcome. If the talk is on ZOOM, members of the Berkeley Astronomy/Physics and Cosmology communities can email Joanne Cohn for information.

Speaker/Visitor Info is here.





BOSS and Nyx
(Image by C. Stark)

Note that there are also other talks which might be of interest, including:


January 2023
Jan. 17, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Misha Ivanov, IAS
131 Campbell
Probing Cosmic Inflation and Dark Matter with Galaxy Surveys 
The distribution of galaxies on large scales is a sensitive probe of cosmological physics. In particular, the structure of this distribution depends on properties of dark matter and the dynamics of the early universe. Understanding this dependence, however, is a challenging task because the observed galaxy distribution is modulated by a variety of non-linear effects. I will present new theoretical tools that have allowed for a systematic analytic description of these effects. These tools play a central role in a new program of extracting cosmological information from galaxy surveys. I will share some results of this program from several independent analyses of the public data from the Baryon acoustic Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey. These results include new limits on non-linear interactions during cosmic inflation, parity violation in the cosmological initial conditions, and novel constraints on non-minimal dark matter models. 
Jan. 24, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Jordan Mirocha, JPL
131 Campbell
A new era in studies of the cosmic dawn: constraints from galaxy surveys, redshifted 21-cm signals, and the extragalactic background light
Our knowledge of the high redshift Universe has grown considerably in the last decade, thanks in large part to galaxy surveys conducted with Hubble, Planck's constraints on the CMB optical depth, and dedicated ground-based studies of Lyman-alpha emitters and quasars. Several groups have shown that relatively simple galaxy formation models, in which star formation is assumed to be inflow-driven and feedback-regulated, are able to satisfy all of these measurements without much tuning. However, the first wave of constraints from the James Webb Space Telescope pose a clear challenge to this simple picture of high-z galaxy evolution. In this talk, I will summarize the most surprising aspects of these early JWST constraints and explore several potential solutions. Then, I'll describe a suite of complementary constraints of the high-z Universe, including HERA's limits on the 21-cm power spectrum at >100 MHz and the 78 MHz absorption trough detected in the sky-averaged spectrum by EDGES in 2018, and how to understand these measurements in the context of Hubble (and now JWST) galaxy surveys. Finally, I will briefly discuss the near-future prospects for validating 21-cm measurements in cross-correlation with Roman's high-latitude survey (late 2020s), and what we can expect to learn about the high-z Universe from NASA's upcoming SPHEREx mission (2025 launch).
Jan. 31, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Enrique Paillas, Waterloo
131 Campbell
Unveiling ΛCDM with summary statistics beyond the power spectrum
Large-scale structure encodes secrets about the underlying nature of the Cosmos, including its expansion history and the rate at which structure grows. Two-point statistics, such as the galaxy power spectrum, provide a complete statistical description for Gaussian density fields. However, the late-time density field we observe at small scales is highly non-Gaussian due to non-linear gravitational evolution, and higher-order summary statistics are required to capture all of the information. I will discuss different ways in which we can decode this information, focusing on novel clustering techniques that are currently being applied in BOSS and DESI.

February 2023
Feb. 7, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Brant Robertson, UC Santa Cruz
131 Campbell

Feb. 14, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Lloyd Knox, Davis
131 Campbell

Feb. 21, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Andrei Cuceu, OSU
131 Campbell

Feb. 28, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Colin Hill, Columbia/CCA
131 Campbell


March 2023
Mar. 7, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
,
131 Campbell

Mar. 14, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
,
131 Campbell

Mar. 21, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Daniela Galárraga-Espinosa, MPIA
131 Campbell

Mar. 28, Tuesday
No seminar-spring break

April 2023
Apr. 4, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
,
131 Campbell

Apr. 11, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
,
131 Campbell

Apr. 18, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
,
131 Campbell

Apr. 25, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Koki Kakiichi, UCSB
131 Campbell






Past Months



August 2022
Aug 30, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
group intro
131 Campbell Hall



September 2022
Sep 2, Friday
12 noon (LBL INPA talk)
Zhelei Xu, MIT
Speaker will be on zoom, at LBL can also watch in LBL 50-5132
Precision Cosmology: from CMB and 21cm
Over the past decades, observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) have established the standard cosmological model. In the future, 21cm signals from neutral hydrogen have great potential for cosmological and astrophysical studies. In this talk, I will review the previous CMB observations and how it established the ΛCDM cosmology model. Then I will discuss the instrumentation and calibration of the Cosmology Large Angular Scale Surveyor (CLASS) and the Simons Observatory (SO). At the end, I will discuss how we can use the 21cm observation as a powerful probe to study cosmology and introduce our novel mapping method for 21cm interferometric data.
Sep 6, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Marco Gatti, Penn
131 Campbell
Weak Lensing Non-Gaussian Statistics in the era of precision Cosmology
In recent years, non-Gaussian statistics have been growing in popularity as powerful tools for efficiently extracting cosmological information from current weak lensing data. Their use can improve constraints on cosmological parameters over standard two-point statistics, can additionally help discriminate between general relativity and modified gravity theories, and can help to self-calibrate astrophysical and observational nuisance parameters.
During this seminar, I will discuss the current state-of-the-art in weak lensing non-Gaussian analyses. I will show the constraints on cosmological parameters from two independent analyses using non-Gaussian statistics applied to the first three years of data (Y3) of the Dark Energy Survey (DES): moments and peaks. I will further describe promising techniques that are soon to be applied to data (wavelet-based methods), and discuss the main challenges ahead in view of stage IV surveys.
Sep 13, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Dylan Jow, Toronto
131 Campbell
Wave-optics in astrophysical lensing: unlocking the potential of the coherent sky
The lensing of coherent sources, such as FRBs, pulsars, and gravitational waves, has the potential to be a powerful cosmological and astrophysical probe. In particular, with the abundance of FRB data we are set to obtain, gravitationally lensed FRBs may be used to constrain compact dark matter over a wide range of masses, as well as probe cosmic expansion in real time. However, the theory of wave optics needed to describe the lensing of coherent sources is underdeveloped. In addition, scattering due to plasma along the line of sight may limit the sensitivity of gravitationally lensed FRBs as a cosmological probe. We will discuss advancements in the theory of wave optics as applicable to astrophysical lensing (plasma and gravitational), in particular the application of Picard-Lefschetz theory for the evaluation of the Kirchoff diffraction integral. We will also describe progress in understanding the origin of pulsar scintillation due to scattering in the ISM and its implications for modeling FRB scattering. Time permitted, we will briefly discuss the application of these techniques to gravitational wave lensing.
Sep 16, Friday
12 noon (INPA)
Yuuki Omori, Chicago
Virtual
Constraining cosmology and astrophysics using the combination of CMB x LSS, and understanding biases in cross-correlation measurements
Cross-correlation measurements between CMB and LSS observables is becoming an increasingly popular approach to constrain cosmology and astrophysics. Since CMB and LSS surveys have different experimental systematic effects, cross-correlation measurements are known to be minimally impacted by these effects. However, what is often disregarded are the astrophysical systematic effects, which are present in both CMB and LSS data, which contaminate cross-correlation measurements. In the first part of the talk, I will present the recent results from the DESxSPT 6x2pt analysis, and discuss how we mitigated such biases. In the second part of the talk, I will present a new simulation suite that has both CMB and LSS observables that can be used to study these biases.
Sep 19, Monday
4:15 pm (Physics Colloquium)
Michael Turner, U Chicago
Physics North Lecture Hall 1
Cosmology: What we know, what we don’t know and what we don’t know we don’t know
For most of the last century cosmology was the province of astronomers (mostly in California) and concerned itself with galaxies in an expanding universe. Beginning around 1980, ideas from particle physics began to enter cosmology, focussed on events that took place during the first microsecond. Circa 2000, with the discovery of cosmic acceleration/dark energy and precision measurements of CMB anisotropy the current paradigm — LambdaCDM emerged, revealing deep connections between particle physics and cosmology. According to LCDM, the gravity of particle dark matter holds all structures together, the repulsive gravity of dark energy is speeding up the expansion and the quantum seeds for galaxies arose during a very early burst of accelerated expansion (inflation). Cosmology solved? Not exactly, we have no direct evidence for the dark matter particle; we don’t understand dark energy; and have no standard model for inflation (or evidence to support it). And our aspirations are even higher. Great time to be a cosmologist.
Sep 20, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Gabriela Sato-Polito, JHU
131 Campbell
"Cosmology and astrophysics with the extragalactic light: background and fluctuations"
The aggregate light emitted by all extragalactic sources can be measured either as an absolute intensity or through its spatial fluctuations; these are known as line-intensity mapping (LIM) when a particular line transition is targeted. I will discuss how these measurements can be used both to learn about galaxy evolution and to investigate the presence of more speculative sources of radiation, such as decaying dark matter. I will also discuss the prospects of LIM as a probe of large-scale structure in a multi-tracer context, focusing on the joint information across different line transitions and across different tracers, such as galaxies and CMB foregrounds.
Sep 27, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Nick Kokron, Stanford
131 Campbell
Structure formation at the juncture of simulations and perturbation theory
A key challenge for the next decade of survey cosmology is ensuring that the models for summary statistics they measure, such as galaxy clustering and lensing, are sufficiently accurate in light of the high degree of precision of these measurements. A recently proposed class of models, hybrid effective field theory (hybrid EFT), combines perturbation theory-based descriptions of the tracer--matter connection with the nonlinear dark matter distributions produced by cosmological N-body simulations. I will show how hybrid EFT promises to be a powerful model for describing the two-point statistics of clustering and lensing to small scales at high accuracy. I will proceed to survey recent developments in this juncture between simulations and perturbation theory that show their combination is mutually beneficial beyond just modelling two-point statistics.

October 2022
Oct 4, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Justin Myles, Stanford
131 Campbell
Novel Methods to Leverage Spectroscopic Overlap of Imaging Surveys
Large galaxy imaging surveys promise to deliver extraordinary datasets to answer open questions about cosmology, but these surveys suffer from challenges arising from the difficulty in constraining galaxy redshift. I will discuss three projects that leverage spectroscopic observations of small, well selected subsets of galaxies observed in imaging surveys to improve the utility of photometric datasets for cosmological experiments. First, I will describe the new methodology used for the Dark Energy Survey Year 3 weak lensing source galaxy redshift calibration and the resulting DES Y3 cosmology constraints. Second, I will present a novel algorithm for accurately propagating redshift distribution uncertainties. Third, I will show results using archival spectroscopy of redMaPPer galaxy clusters to measure the impact of projection effects on these clusters and comment on how this measurement relates to the DES Y1 cluster cosmology results. To conclude, I will discuss promising paths forward involving spectroscopy and multi-wavelength observations to make the most use of forthcoming surveys.
Oct 6, Thursday
3:30 pm (Astronomy Colloquium)
Caitlin Casey, UT Austin
1 Physics North
The Rarest Galaxies in the First Billion Years
The rarest galaxies assembled early in the Universe’s history (z>6) pose unique problems for galaxy formation and evolution in a Lambda-CDM universe. I will present several legacy-class, mutliwavelength observational campaigns aimed at characterizing a range of such galaxies — massive dust obscured galaxies, quasars, and extremely UV-bright Lyman-break galaxies. In particular I will share recent results from the MORA Survey (Mapping Obscuration to Reionization with ALMA, a 50+ hour 2mm survey), constructed to identify the most highly obscured, massive (M_ISM>10^11Msun) star-forming galaxies beyond z>4 that are the likely progenitors of the first quiescent systems. This is complemented in the rest-frame ultraviolet with the WERLS Program (the Webb Epoch of Reionization Lyman-alpha Survey), a 29-night NASA Keck survey which will construct the first spatial maps of ionized bubbles in legacy JWST survey fields using UV-bright galaxies (M_UV < -20). Lastly, I will highlight early results from JWST on the search for ultra high-redshift, massive galaxies at z=10-17. These discoveries are setting the stage for the 218-hour COSMOS-Web JWST Cycle 1 GO program. Covering over 0.5deg^2 to "deep field" sensitivity, COSMOS-Web will eliminate uncertainty from cosmic variance at z>6, enabling the first robust mapping of large-scale structure during the Epoch of Reionization. Together these campaigns will provide important and diverse observational tests of Lambda-CDM at the earliest epochs of the Universe.
Oct 7, Friday
12 noon (INPA, LBL)
Jeff Cooke, Swinburne
LBL 50-5132
Wide-Field Imager and the future direction of the Keck Observatory
The Keck Wide-Field Imager (KWFI) is a 1 degree diameter field of view wide-field optical imager for Keck that will be the most powerful wide-field imager in the world for the foreseeable future. KWFI has extreme sensitivity from 10000A down to 3000A that will enable new science from the high redshift Universe, to time-domain science, to the local Universe and the solar system that cannot be done on any other existing or planned telescope for decades. We have now entered into the era of next-generation facilities, including JWST and NASA Roman space telescope, the Cherenkov Telescope Array, the Square Kilometre Array, LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA, Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph, Maunakea Spectroscopic Explorer, and 30m-class telescopes, with larger, more sensitive facilities in planning for the next decades, such as the Cosmic Explorer, LISA, LUVOIR, and others. In this talk, I will discuss how KWFI's extremely deep, wide-field imaging is vital for nearly all science cases for these facilities (many are billion-dollar facilities) operating at all wavelengths and how it will greatly extend their reach. KWFI will excel at targeted science programs, which make up the bulk of all Keck community science. I will discuss the status and continued progress of KWFI and development of a deployable secondary mirror to enable new science and fast imaging and spectroscopy capability in the same night.
Oct 11, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Neal Dalal, Perimeter
131 Campbell
Galaxies in the axiverse
Ultra-light bosons are well-motivated dark matter candidates with interesting phenomenology on galactic scales. In particular, wavelike behaviour of dark matter in the so-called “fuzzy” regime can help relieve potential problems for standard cold dark matter in galaxies, by producing central cores and suppressing the abundance of low-mass satellites. I will describe observational signatures of this wavelike behaviour, and will show how the smallest galaxies may be used to constrain ultra-light dark matter particle masses.
Oct 18, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Molly Wolfson, UCSB
131 Campbell
Constraining the mean free path of ionizing photons at z > 5 from the Lyman-α forest flux auto-correlation function
Lyman-α (Lyα) forest transmission towards high-z quasars contains information on the state of the universe just after the epoch of reionization. Fluctuations in Lyα forest transmission are partially sourced from spatial fluctuations in the ultraviolet background (UVB), where the level of UVB fluctuations are set by the mean free path of ionizing photons (λmfp). The auto-correlation function of Lyα forest flux characterizes the strength and scale of transmission fluctuations and, as we show, is thus sensitive to λmfp. Recent measurements of λmfp at z ~ 6 suggest a rapid evolution of λmfp at z > 5.0 which would leave a signature in the evolution of the auto-correlation function. We modeled mock Lyα forest data with properties similar to the XQR-30 extended data set at z > 5. For an ideal data set, where the data matches the model for λmfp = 9.0 cMpc at z = 6.0, we recover λmfp = 12 + 6 - 3 cMpc. This precision is comparable to direct measurements of λmfp from the stacking of quasar spectra beyond the Lyman limit. We find that the distribution of mock values of the auto-correlation function is highly non-Gaussian for high-z, which should caution work with other statistics of the high-z Lyα forest against making this assumption. We use a rigorous statistical method to pass an inference test, however future work on non-Gaussian methods will enable higher precision measurements.
Oct 25, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Mike Chapman, Perimeter/Waterloo
131 Campbell
Isolating the linear signal in small scale RSD
The nature of dark energy and the accelerated expansion of the Universe remains one of the most compelling problems in modern physics. Measurements of f\sigma_8 from galaxy clustering provide a unique test of theories of dark energy and modified gravity that seek to explain this acceleration. I will present my recently published measurement of the growth rate from small scale clustering in the eBOSS luminous red galaxy sample, where I use a galaxy clustering emulator with an independent velocity scaling parameter to measure f\sigma_8 and parameterize deviations from LCDM. My measurement provides a significant improvement in uncertainty over the more conventional RSD analysis of the same sample, and finds some tension with the expectation for a LCDM universe with Planck 2018 cosmology. I will then present new work I’ve done to improve my model and isolate the linear signal in the small scale clustering, providing a more robust result and more accurate interpretation of the growth rate measurement. I will give a preview of my results with the new model, and explain why small scale RSD measurements with DESI have the potential to reveal a significant new tension in the standard model of cosmology.

November 2022
Nov 1, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Cyndia Yu, Stanford
131 Campbell
Cosmology with Large-Scale CMB Polarization
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) has been key to building and validating our current Standard Model of Cosmology. As information from CMB temperature becomes limited by cosmic variance, polarization data is increasingly key to breaking degeneracies and probing new physics. The large angular scale polarization features in particular are a sensitive probe of cosmic inflation through the “B-mode” polarization. Beyond primordial B-modes, large-scale polarization features probe other beyond Standard Model phenomena such as early dark energy and dark matter. I will discuss the constraints obtained by current experiments as well as efforts to build next-generation observatories, which will deploy over an order of magnitude more polarization-sensitive detectors to enable ever more sensitive measurements.
Nov 3, Thursday
4 pm (LBL RPM)
Hee-Jong Seo, LBNL
LBL 50A-5132
Accelerating Universe through DESI
One of the most intriguing questions in physics today is the nature of dark energy that is responsible for the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Three-dimensional maps of galaxies from spectroscopic galaxy surveys provide a giant laboratory to test the nature of the Universe, including dark energy, in a way that is complementary to other cosmic surveys. DESI, being the largest galaxy redshift survey up to date, is currently preparing for the first-year cosmology analysis release in Summer 2023, In this talk, among the key science goals of DESI, I want to focus on the studies of two accelerated expansion phases of the Universe using DESI, one today due to dark energy and the other, cosmic inflation right after the Big Bang. For the former, I will show the first Baryon Acoustic Oscillation detection result using only the first two months of the DESI data. For the latter, I will discuss how we can fight the observational systematics using neural networks and derive a tight constraint on inflation using the DESI Legacy survey.
Nov 8, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Frank Qu, Cambridge
131 Campbell
Testing fundamental physics with high resolution CMB lensing mass maps
Dark matter not only provides the invisible scaffolding from which the birth of galaxies takes place, but by studying its distribution in our universe we can infer a great deal of information regarding the growth of structure and cosmic expansion. Measuring the gravitational lensing of the CMB allows the mapping of all the matter distribution (for which the majority is dark matter) to very high redshifts. New observations with the Atacama Cosmology Telescope will allow CMB lensing to be determined at the ~2% level. This high signal-to-noise lensing spectrum will translate into a few percent determination of sigma_8, hence providing a robust test of low amplitudes reported by galaxy lensing surveys and one of the tightest constraints on the sum of neutrino masses. This measurement also sets the foundation for ground-based high-resolution lensing covering a large fraction of the sky.
In the first part of my talk, I will explore the implications of our measurement in the context of structure growth and discuss in detail the novel methods used to tackle key systematics affecting precision lensing related to atmospheric noise and extragalactic foregrounds. I will also highlight some of the main null tests from our comprehensive test suite used to deliver this robust state of the art lensing measurements. For the second part of my talk, I will explore the prospects of using CMB lensing as a probe of the high-redshift structure only by ‘delensing’ the low redshift content of CMB lensing using correlated tracers like galaxy surveys, resulting in a map of high-redshift structure alone. This opens up a window to explore cosmological periods uncharted by other probes, enabling measurements of structure growth and providing rigorous confrontations between theory and observations within a redshift range where little information is otherwise available.
Nov 11, Friday
12 noon (INPA seminar)
Peter Craig, UCB
LBL-50A-5132
Effects of Microlensing on Time Delay Measurements from Strongly Lensed Supernovae
Strongly lensed supernovae are highly valuable cosmological probes, sensitive to both the Hubble constant and the distribution of dark matter. Measuring time delays in strong lensing systems allows for independent measurements of the Hubble constant, providing a mechanism to resolve the current Hubble tension. These time delays are also sensitive to the dark matter substructures located along the line of sight. Microlensing effects from stars in the lensing galaxy can contaminate measurements of the time delays, making some methods for measuring time delays unreliable. We consider methods for measuring time delays with both Type Ia and Type II-P supernovae by simulating spectra in microlensing systems. Both types of supernovae may be effectively used to measure the Hubble constant, especially with the number of detections that are expected with LSST and the Roman Space Telescope. These measurements can also be used to constrain the properties of dark matter substructure given a sufficient number of systems. We’ve also been working on understanding the local distributions of dark matter using an “acceleration ladder” built using local direct acceleration measurements combined with dynamical constraints on the Milky Way potential.
CANCELLED Nov 15, Tuesday
1:10 pm (BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Jordan Mirocha, JPL
131 Campbell
Nov 15, Wednesday
12 noon (INPA seminar)
Nickolas Kokron, Stanford
LBL-50A-5132 and Zoom
Pen-and-Paper Meets Supercomputing: Building Accurate Models for Cosmological Surveys
Stage-IV cosmological surveys are poised to revolutionize our understanding of the Universe. The vast data sets collected by surveys like DESI, Rubin and CMB-S4 will be orders of magnitude more powerful than their precursors from the last decade and will significantly sharpen our understanding of unknown properties of the Universe. These include the properties of dark energy, the masses of neutrinos and the fundamental nature of the primordial fluctuations in the early Universe. However, the statistical uncertainties of upcoming observations are so small that models for the statistics we measure are not yet accurate enough to analyze their whole datasets. I will introduce a program of research dedicated to addressing the challenge of accurately modeling these data and making our cosmological surveys the most powerful they can be. This program is underpinned by a fruitful marriage of traditionally disparate techniques — supercomputer simulations and pen-and-paper calculations — to describe the growth and evolution of large-scale structure in the Universe. I will show that their combination is more powerful than the sum of its parts and will play a key role in extracting the most amount of information from DESI and its cross-correlations with weak and CMB lensing surveys in the coming future.
Nov 29, Tuesday
1:10 pm (LBL RPM and BCCP/Cosmology Seminar)
Kate Storey-Fisher, NYU
131 Campbell and ZOOM
Galaxy Clustering with Emulation and Equivariant Machine Learning
There is significant untapped cosmological information in the clustering of galaxies, particularly at small scales. I will discuss two projects aimed at this. In the Aemulus project we take an emulation approach, populating dark matter only cosmological simulations with a simple galaxy–halo connection model and training machine learning (ML) emulators to predict clustering statistics. I will show that incorporating beyond-standard statistics sensitive to the local environment aids in constraining galaxy bias parameters and increases the precision on recovered cosmological parameters.
To account for uncertainties in galaxy formation, we require improved models of the galaxy–halo connection. I will present a new equivariant ML approach to learning the relationship between dark matter halo and galaxy properties in cosmological simulations. Our approach explicitly respects physical symmetries by describing halos in terms of a large set of invariant dimensionless scalars. I will show that this results in precise predictions of galaxy properties. These frameworks will be critical for the analysis of upcoming spectroscopic surveys.

December 2022
Dec. 14, Wednesday
12 Noon (INPA)
Justin Myles, Stanford
LBL 50A-5132 and Zoom
The Treachery of (Galaxy) Images
Large galaxy imaging surveys promise to deliver extraordinary datasets to answer open questions about cosmology, but these surveys suffer from challenges arising from the difficulty in constraining galaxy redshift. I will discuss methods to leverage spectroscopic observations of small, well selected subsets of galaxies observed in imaging surveys to improve the utility of these datasets for cosmological experiments. First, I will describe the methodology used for the Dark Energy Survey Year 3 weak lensing source galaxy redshift calibration and the resulting DES Y3 cosmology constraints, with emphasis on a novel algorithm for accurately propagating redshift distribution uncertainties used in this analysis. Second, I will show results using archival spectroscopy of redMaPPer galaxy clusters to measure the impact of projection effects on these clusters and comment on how this measurement relates to the DES Y1 cluster cosmology results. Third, I will discuss promising paths forward involving DESI observations to make the most use of forthcoming imaging surveys. In summary, this talk will discuss how to make the most use of DESI in concert with other multi-wavelength surveys.
Dec. 15, Thursday
4 pm (RPM)
Edmond Chaussidon, Saclay
LBL 50A-5132 and Zoom
Measuring the primordial non-gaussianity with DESI
 Inflation can be strongly characterized with a precise measurement of primordial non-gaussianity (PNG), typically on the order of unity, to allow a detection that will rule out the single-field models. Through the tiny imprint left at large scales on the matter power spectrum by local PNG, known as the scale-dependent bias, the state-of-the-art multi-fiber spectroscopic instrument DESI (Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument) is expected to obtain similar accuracy to Planck and reach, in the future, the sensitivity allowing a PNG detection of the order of unity with more advanced methods.  First, I will present the Quasar (QSO) sample of DESI, which is the most suitable tracer to measure the PNG. In particular, I will introduce the QSO target selection used in DESI and the spectroscopic pipeline to collect the redshift. Then, I will review various observational effects that could contaminate the measurement of PNG and how to address them. Finally, I will give a forecast for the first data release of DESI in January 2024 and give some potential improvements to reach the desired sensitivity of the order of unity.
Dec. 16, Friday
12 Noon (RPM & INPA)
Kevin Fanning, Ohio State
LBL 50A-5132 and Zoom
Excitement and Challenges with Multiplexed Spectroscopic Galaxy Surveys
The ongoing Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) Survey is collecting galaxy redshifts at an astounding rate. Analysis from this new data promises exciting new constraints on big cosmological problems such as dark energy models and primordial non-gaussianity along with a measurement of the sum of the neutrino masses. Key technologies including the robotic focal plane system help enable nearly 5,000 simultaneous spectra with on average 2 minutes between exposures. In this talk I will describe some of the challenges encountered optimizing the DESI instrument for science results. Furthermore, I will discuss some of the impact the focal plane and fiber assignment algorithms have on galaxy clustering data and some novel mitigations I am exploring to resolve this problem. Finally, I will conclude with a look to the future and how we can engage in current efforts to build on the success of DESI.



   
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